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fxus63 kgrb 180911 
afdgrb

Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Green Bay WI
411 am CDT Wed Sep 18 2019

Forecast discussion for routine morning forecast issuance

Synopsis...
issued at 409 am CDT Wed Sep 18 2019

Very warm and rather humid weather weather will persist into the
weekend. Scattered showers and thunderstorms are likely at times.

A highly amplified upper pattern will persist across North
America for several more days. The pattern was anchored by a deep
trough across the west and mid-continent ridging. The strong
positive upper height anomaly with the ridge will persist in the
Hudson Bay vicinity into the weekend, then quickly weaken and
shift off to the east. A lower amplitude pattern with some
splitting of the main westerlies is expected to develop during the
latter part of the forecast period.

Southwest upper flow between the trough to the west and the ridge
will maintain a feed of warm, moist air into the area, resulting
in well above normal temperatures and rather humid conditions
through the first half of the upcoming weekend. Readings will
trend down a bit thereafter, but remain above normal. There will
be numerous opportunities for precipitation, likely resulting in
above normal amounts for the period.
&&

Short term...today...tonight...and Thursday
issued at 409 am CDT Wed Sep 18 2019

Convection forming near the nose of the low level jet and aided by a weak
shortwave riding NE out of the western trough was over Minnesota early
this morning. The models were very consistent in showing the Minnesota
convection weakening and dissipating prior to reaching the
forecast area. That makes sense given the drier air aloft that
circulated back into the forecast area from the departing
anticyclone.

Convection will likely re-fire across eastern Minnesota and western WI
this afternoon as a cold front advances in from the west. That
area of convection should slowly advance east across the area
tonight into Thursday as the front reaches the area and then
stalls. The ability to add details to the pop forecast diminishes
with time, so advanced the rain chance into the area from the west
tonight, taking pops up to likely over the SW part of the area
for a time. Then gradually transitioned to broad-brushed 25-40
percent pops across the area for Thursday. Deep-layer shear will
be very weak (10-20 kts), but pwats will be high (> 1.50 inches).
So the severe threat will be low, with the main threats being
locally heavy rainfall and sub-severe gusty winds with the
strongest storms.

Backed down a bit on temperatures for today across north-central
Wisconsin where stratus was expanding pretty quickly early this
morning. Also edged back a bit on temperatures tomorrow with the
expectation that there will be a lot of clouds around.

Long term...Thursday night through Tuesday
issued at 409 am CDT Wed Sep 18 2019

A mid level ridge over the eastern Continental U.S. Is expected to break
down over the weekend, as a trough over the Pacific northwest
passes through the Great Lakes region.

Much warmer than normal temperatures are expected for the end of
the work week, but there are small chances or slight chances for
showers and storms in the warm and humid air mass. A cold front
and some mid level short wave energy, ahead of the main trough,
will bring the best chance for showers and storms to the area
Saturday and Saturday night. Cooler temperatures are in store for
the start of the upcoming week, but highs should still be a
little warmer than normal for this time of year.
&&

Aviation...for 12z taf issuance
issued at 409 am CDT Wed Sep 18 2019

Stratus was rapidly expanding across north-central Wisconsin. The
guidance doesn't seem to be handling the details of its evolution
too well, so it may not be of much use in forecasting how it will
behave later this morning. Suspect the stratus will be difficult
to dislodge with the middle and high clouds overspreading the
area, so plan on leaning toward a more pessimistic forecast of
flight conditions with the 12z tafs. The tafs will be heavily
based on the extent of the stratus at issuance time.
&&

Grb watches/warnings/advisories...
beach hazards statement from noon CDT today through this evening
for wiz022.
&&

$$

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