2016 Atlantic Hurricane Season Birdseye Discussion #180

By: NCHurricane2009 , 6:01 AM GMT on November 27, 2016

***To track what is left of former Atlantic Tropical Storm Otto which recently crossed over into the eastern Pacific...an eastern pacific view has been added in the atmospheric and thermodynamic charts below***

...SUNDAY NOVEMBER 27 2016 1:00 AM EDT...
The following statement concerns area of interest #1 marked over the eastern Pacific in the atmospheric features chart below. Under unfavorable easterly vertical shear induced by the south side of an upper ridge over southern Mexico...Tropical Storm Otto has degenerated into a remnant surface trough. In addition there is plenty of dry air in Otto's environment that may have contributed to the dissipation of the tropical storm. The dry air may have been produced by upper-level convergence and resulting sinking air due to upper-level southeasterlies induced by the southwest side of Caribbean upper ridging clashing with upper-level northeastleries induced by the southeast side of the southern Mexico upper ridge. This is my final statement on this system on this blog...and with no other areas of interest this will be my final blog update until the threat of tropical activity returns to the Atlantic basin.

...ATMOSPHERIC FEATURES BIRDSEYE CHART...

This chart is generated based on surface analysis from the National Hurricane Center TAFB at 1800Z and 1928Z-released WPC analysis.

Areas of Interest maybe first introduced circled by a yellow-dashed line. If the area of interest becomes introduced in the 5-day National Hurricane Center (NHC) Atlantic tropical weather outlook then it gets upgraded with a green-dashed line encircling it. If the area of interest gets upgraded to an Invest or is mentioned in the 48-hour NHC Atlantic tropical weather outlook then it gets upgraded with a green-solid polygon encircling it.

In light blue is upper air analysis, with 200 mb wind barbs calculated by GOES satellite imagery showing the upper-level wind direction. Based on the 200 mb wind barbs, blue-dashed lines are locations of upper troughs, blue-zig-zag lines are locations of upper ridges. Blue Ls are locations of upper lows (also called an upper vortex or upper cyclone), blue Hs are locations of upper ridges (also called upper anticyclones).

In red is surface analysis, with solid lines indicating locations of surface fronts, dashed lines indicating locations of surface troughs, and zig-zag lines indicating surface ridge axes. Surface troughs labeled with TW indicates the trough is a tropical wave whose origin is from the mid-level African Easterly Jet. Ls indicate surface lows (cyclones), Hs indicate surface highs (ridges/anticyclones).

...THERMODYNAMICS BIRDSEYE CHART...

This chart is generated using GOES water vapor satellite imagery. Brown indicates dry air. White, blue, and purple indicates moist air. An increase in moisture indicates slower air parcel lapse rates with elevation and hence an increase toward instability.

Sea-surface temperatures are overlaid with light blue isotherms. The 26 deg C isotherm is highlighted in red. Waters at and south of the 26 deg C isotherm indicate low-level warmth and hence faster environmental lapse rates with elevation (more instability). Waters north of the 26 deg C isotherm indicate slower environmental lapse rates with elevation (less instability).


The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.

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