moonlightcowboy's WunderBlog

GOM's 90L -- New FELIX info L8R today, please check back

By: moonlightcowboy, 12:52 AM GMT on September 27, 2007

FELIX - Miskito Community Loses Its Forest; over 7 million acres estimated

...this is such a sad story (especially the taxi-cab robbery). And, the news keeps growing and getting worse.

LORENZO - Lorenzo kills three in Mexico; high winds reported


90L in the GOM

Overnight the sfc low tagged 90L by the NAVY, managed to get positioned under the ull in the seGOM. Development pending for a sub-tropical system, to transition to a warm-core system. Could become NOEL within a day or two and intensifying to low cane status.

http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic2/real-time/temp/image.gif

http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic/real-time/atlantic/winds/wg8dlm1.GIF
LATEST STEERING CURRENTS



72-HOUR sfc forecast
TWO
North Atlantic Discussion
WIND SHEAR
Shear Tendency


Don't forget to check out Tropical Lagniappe for some great links to other blogs and websites from fellow WU members! There's some great info here and I always learn something each time I visit them!

KAREN ARRIVES -- Will she turn to sea?

By: moonlightcowboy, 9:28 AM GMT on September 25, 2007

TROPICAL STORM KAREN DISCUSSION NUMBER 2
NWS TPC/NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL AL122007
500 AM EDT TUE SEP 25 2007

SATELLITE IMAGERY INDICATES THAT TROPICAL DEPRESSION TWELVE HAS
CONTINUED TO GRADUALLY ORGANIZE...WITH INCREASED CONVECTIVE BANDING
OVER A LARGE AREA SURROUNDING THE CENTER. SATELLITE INTENSITY
ESTIMATES FROM TAFB AND SAB ARE AGAIN 35 KT...SO THE DEPRESSION IS
UPGRADED TO TROPICAL STORM KAREN.


http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic2/real-time/temp/image.gif


TS Karen-big, impressive. Shear mostly favorable now except for some 20 kts on the north side, but she just seems to be ignoring that. Now, where's it gonna go? Depends on how fast she strengthens and whether the mid-Atlantic trough is low or enough or in the right spot to influence the northward drift that the models are predicting.

http://my.sfwmd.gov/sfwmd/common/images/weather/plots/storm_96.gif

THE INITIAL MOTION REMAINS 285/14. KAREN IS ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF A
LOW/MID-LEVEL RIDGE...WHICH SHOULD STEER THE CYCLONE FOR THE NEXT
36-48 HR. AFTER THAT...THE LARGE-SCALE MODELS AGREE ON THE
DEVELOPMENT OF A MID/UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH TO THE NORTHEAST OF THE
LESSER ANTILLES...WHICH WOULD TURN KAREN NORTHWESTWARD OR
NORTHWARD. THERE IS SOME SPREAD IN THE GUIDANCE...WITH THE
GFDL...HWRF...ANND ECMWF SHOWING A NORTHWARD MOTION BETWEEN
50W-53W...WHILE THE UKMET AND GFS ENSEMBLE MEAN SHOW A
NORTHWESTWARD MOTION TO WEST OF 56W BY 120 HR. SINCE THERE IS
OFTEN A TENDENCY FOR THE DYNAMICAL MODELS TO HAVE A NORTHWARD BIAS
IN THE TROPICAL ATLANTIC...THE NEW FORECAST TRACK IS ALONG THE
SOUTH EDGE OF THE MODEL GUIDANCE FOR THE FIRST 72 HR...AND THEN TO
THE LEFT OF CENTER OF THE GUIDANCE ENVELOPE THEREAFTER.

http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic/real-time/atlantic/winds/wg8dlm1.GIF
LATEST STEERING CURRENTS


THE INTENSITY FORECAST...IF ANYTHING...HAS BECOME MORE PROBLEMATIC.
KAREN IS CURRENTLY IN AN ENVIRONMENT OF LIGHT NORTHWESTERLY VERTICAL
WIND SHEAR...WHICH SHOULD CONTINUE FOR 24-36 HR. AFTER THAT...AN
UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH IS FORECAST TO DEVELOP VERY CLOSE TO THE STORM
TRACK...FOLLOWED BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MID/UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH
MENTIONED ABOVE. THE LARGE-SCALE MODELS FORECAST THE FIRST TROUGH
TO CAUSE BOTH STRONG UPPER-LEVEL DIFLUENCE AND SHEAR OVER KAREN...
AND IT IS UNCLEAR AT THIS TIME WHETHER THIS SYSTEM WOULD CAUSE THE
STORM TO INTENSIFY OR WEAKEN. THE SECOND TROUGH IS FORECAST TO
CAUSE SIGNIFICANT SHEAR WITHOUT STRONG DIFLUENCE...WHICH SHOULD
CAUSE WEAKENING. THE SHIPS...GFDL...AND HWRF MODELS ALL FORECAST
KAREN TO BECOME A HURRICANE BY 60-72 HR. GIVEN THE UNCERTAINTY IN
THE STRENGTH OF THE SHEAR...THE INTENSITY FORECAST CALLS FOR KAREN
TO PEAK JUST BELOW HURRICANE STRENGTH...FOLLOWED BY WEAKENING DUE
TO SHEAR FROM THE SECOND TROUGH.

http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic/real-time/atlantic/winds/wg8shr.GIF

TS KAREN arrives-Will she turn to sea?

By: moonlightcowboy, 9:28 AM GMT on September 25, 2007

http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic2/real-time/temp/movie.gif

TS Karen-big, impressive. Shear mostly favorable now except for some 20 kts on the north side, but she just seems to be ignoring that. Now, where's it gonna go? Depends on how fast she strengthens and whether the mid-Atlantic trough is low or enough or in the right spot to influence the northward drift that the models are predicting.

MORE Felix fatalities, injuries

By: moonlightcowboy, 6:40 AM GMT on September 22, 2007

More fatalities and injuries reported

I love this brief story. More of what they need!!! Samaritan's Purse installed a community water filter at one church to provide up to 3,000 people with daily supplies of clean water.




FULL FLASH APPEAL REPORT from the UN for Nicaragua.

This blog will attempt to update in story and pictures of Felix's aftermath in Central America. The DEATH TOLL now is estimated now to be OVER 130 and expected to climb. Many are still missing. There was catastrophic damage as well to property and livelihoods. Many lost their homes, their loved ones, their businesses, their crops and more. Food and other aid continues to arrive from many sources, but it will be some time before the region is back to any semblance of normalcy.

Initially, I'll post some stories and pictures, and then I'll post some links. If anyone would also like to contribute information on reports, pictures, and especially other helpful information such as organizations for relief efforts, PLEASE DO SO! Hopefully, through WU, some additional information for aid and other relief assistance can be communicated. This little blog may not do great things, but maybe even one small thing is worth it, if somehow it helps even some "one" in need.


HERE'S ONE WAY TO HELP NOW!


UMCOR seeks donations for Felix Relief
UMCOR's values and mission


-- T H A N K S in advance for your participation!


Blank
Army Capt. Jon-Paul Lavandeira and Air Force Tech. Sgt. Heather Prater, both engineers assigned to Joint Task Force Bravo at Soto Cano Air Base, Honduras, take aerial video from a CH-47 Chinook helicopter to document damage caused by Hurricane Felix in Nicaragua. The two service members are part of a 13-person task force deployed here for hurricane damage assessment. Photo by Tech. Sgt. Sonny Cohrs, USAF


Blank
Tens of thousands of people have been left homeless after hurricane Felix hit Nicaragua and Honduras. Photo by BBC


Blank
Hurricane Felix cut a swathe through Nicaragua's low-lying Caribbean coast, leaving dozens dead and dozens more missing.

Blank
In Nicaragua, up to 9,000 homes were destroyed and as many as 50,000 people were displaced by the hurricane.


Blank
A resident of one of the barrier islands off Puerto Cabezas searching her home, flattened by Hurricane Felix, for belongings. (Miguel Alvarez/Agence France-Presse)


Blank
Two women check the damage caused to their house by heavy rains in La Union, 181 kms (113 miles) southeast of San Salvador, Thursday, Sept. 6, 2007. (AP Photo/ La Prensa Grafica)


ADDITIONAL PICTURES and more INFO down in the "comments" area of this blog, too!




Felix Assessment Team Arrives in Nicaragua


Hurricane Survivors Recount Days at Sea

USAID gives 1.3 million to Americas region

Survivors in Nicaragua need food, water, medicine

Nicaraguan storm survivors float for days at sea


BODY SEARCH CONTINUES, more feared dead!
(from 3 hours ago).

DEATH TOLL RISES PAST 130

Over 8,000 homes destroyed in Nicaragua

Miskito Indians Vent Anger Over Felix


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------
IMPORTANT NOTICE! This blog will also address Awareness, Preparedness and Safety! These things are important NOW, not when landfall is a couple of hours away! I hope you'll see it that way, too, and click on the links below. Please take time to review them.

HyperText Transfer Protocol
CLICK ON THIS LINK...you'll be glad you did! http://www.redcross.org/beredcrossready


Hopefully, through awareness and preparedness there will be little injury and loss of life. Even the threat of a storm causes much anxiety for many. That in itself, is destructive even without a landfall! Despite all the damage that may occur to property, injury can be prevented and lives can be saved.

Get a plan, if you don't have one! Take it seriously. Develop a plan for yourself. Have a plan "B" and be ready to execute them. Talk with your neighbors. Call your friends and relatives and discuss it with them if you can. Remember the elderly, indigent and handicapped. Remind them all of safety precautions and evacuation plans. Have a destination and a second possible destination.

Exchange plans, numbers and destinations. Ask others to pass the idea around. Of course, local authorities will be the best resource for information and action plans. Listen to them and encourage others to listen as well. Visit Patrap's Blog, a great guy who believes in promoting preparedness and safety. Also, another good one is Hurricanecrab's Blog. These small efforts can have a large effect on the safety of peoples lives.

You can make a difference!

MLCgoodnight4.gif

"Awareness, Preparedness and Safety" means everything!
Your comments and suggestions are welcome. Have a good one!


MLC <----------------says, "Thanks in advance!"


PS: Don't forget to check out Tropical Lagniappe for some great links to other blogs and websites from fellow WU members! There's some great info here and I always learn something each time I visit them!

Mid-Season UPDATE and conditions

By: moonlightcowboy, 2:49 AM GMT on September 17, 2007

MID-SEASON UPDATE: With season 1/2 way over, I thought I'd post a blog that says, We Still Have 1/2 The Season To Go! We've already had nine named storms, three hurricanes, and two majors. Now, assuming that we're 1/2 way and reflectively, the season could finish with 18 named storms, six hurricanes and another major. Now, of course, it'll likely finish considerably different, but remember it only takes one to affect lives and property.

This season also has seen THREE RECORDS ALREADY: 1. Two CAT 5 storms; 2. Fastest forming CAT 5-51 hours; 3. Fastest forming hurricane closest to land.

Now, with a large balance of the season remaining (when many are thinking it's over), I thought I'd post and re-post some interesting maps and data to remind all that lives and property are still very much at risk this season. Central America has seen its quota with CAT 5's Dean and Felix. Dean though dangerous, crossed a less-populated area of Mexico, but CAT 5 Felix did a number on the Nicaraguan coast and Honduras. If you'd like to see updates on Felix that include pictures, latest news and help links, you can visit my FELIX BLOG HERE!

OKAY, Now, ON TO THE TROPICS! With all this season left, this blog will show some projected danger zones, conditions and examine the current situations and later, I'll offer my own observations and summary. Thanks for stopping by and reading. Please, leave your comments and suggestions, too!

http://www.srh.noaa.gov/sju/hurclimo.gif
LOTS OF SEASON LEFT! Climatology shows that the potential for hurricane development ramps up dramatically by the second week of August, and continues high through the month of September. The chart above shows that over the past 100 years, the highest frequency of Tropical Storm and Hurricane development is centered around September 10th.

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/basics/images/september.gif
OVER 1/2 THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER REMAINS


http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/basics/images/october.gif
WITH LA NINA, EXPECT A BUSY OCTOBER, TOO!



Activity Shifts Back Towards The Caribbean/GOM

SSTs3.gif picture by moonlightcowboy

Gulf Waters Are still "TABASCO" Hot!
Metaphorically, the GOM is just that hot! And, if you've ever dined in a southern restaurant, one knows that the little bottle of fire that sits on the table is legendary because of its heat! It's not too ironic that the fiery product hales from Louisiana almost right on the GOM at Avery Island about a 100 miles west of NOLA.

The GOM's hot waters are "pure fuel" for rapid intensification. These storms need two basic ingredients to develop: warm, moist air and a relatively calm atmosphere. The GOM does just that as we saw in 2005 with Katrina. Ocean waters above about 27 degrees Celsius (80 Fahrenheit) give rise to the warm, moist air that fuels tropical storms. Waters are 86 degrees and warmer still, with much of the GOM even in the 90's. Winds may be a different story as we begin to see fronts come through and troughs that tend to create more shear and different steering patterns.

This image above shows sea surface temperatures in the Atlantic, Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Water that is warm enough to fuel hurricanes is yellow, orange, and red. So, as you can see the area out of Florida, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean are quite hurricane-ready still! And, unfortunately, can turn an already bad storm into a monster!
Actual SST link for graphic above.

THE NATIONAL BUOY CENTER - an excellent site for checking on-the-spot GOM and Caribbean SST's, pressure and winds.

http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/dataphod1/work/HHP/NEW/2007258ca.jpg
TCHP = TROPICAL CYCLONE HEAT POTENTIAL Although not as serious as a few weeks ago, these "boiler" ingredients could create a dangerous situation if a storms tracks through these deep, hot waters which are more serious than the 2005 season. Notice the high TCHP as waters move into the GOM's Loop Current.
GOM LOOP CURRENT -- The clockwise flow that extends northward into the Gulf of Mexico and joins the Yucatan Current and the Florida Current is known as the Loop Current. This current is not as far-reaching into the GOM as in recent weeks, but is still very hot, deep and can play a big part in rapid intensification with a passing storm.


LATEST STEERING CURRENTS

24hr shear tendency
Latest TWO
Latest NHC Tropical Weather Discussion
Look here on the Latest Surface Map for the Itcz location, waves, and other surface features.


"TODAY'S Tropical Summary" 7/17/2007
(Summary in progress and will be posted later!)


"Hold down the fort and keep the gates closed!"


MLCgoodnight4.gif

Your comments and suggestions are welcome. Thanks in advance!
Have a good one!

MLC


PS: Don't forget to check out Tropical Lagniappe for some great links to other blogs and websites from fellow WU members! There's some great info here and I always learn something each time I visit them!

AWARENESS, PREPAREDNESS AND SAFETY

Get a plan, if you don't have one! Take it seriously. Develop a plan for yourself. Have a plan "B" and be ready to execute them. Talk with your neighbors. Call your friends and relatives and discuss it with them if you can. Remember the elderly, indigent and handicapped. Remind them all of safety precautions and evacuation plans. Have a destination and a second possible destination.

Exchange plans, numbers and destinations. Ask others to pass the idea around. Of course, local authorities will be the best resource for information and action plans. Listen to them and encourage others to listen as well. Visit Patrap's Blog, a great guy who believes in promoting preparedness and safety. Also, another good one is Hurricanecrab's Blog. These small efforts can have a large effect on the safety of peoples lives.

More FELIX fatalities, injuries

By: moonlightcowboy, 6:57 PM GMT on September 08, 2007

More fatalities and injuries reported

I love this brief story. More of what they need!!! Samaritan's Purse installed a community water filter at one church to provide up to 3,000 people with daily supplies of clean water.



FULL FLASH APPEAL REPORT from the UN for Nicaragua.
Sorry, guess I have a bad link, but look below to Lowercal's post in the comments. I'll try to fix it if I can find it again.

This blog will attempt to update in story and pictures of Felix's aftermath in Central America. The DEATH TOLL now is estimated now to be OVER 130 and expected to climb. Many are still missing. There was catastrophic damage as well to property and livelihoods. Many lost their homes, their loved ones, their businesses, their crops and more. Food and other aid continues to arrive from many sources, but it will be some time before the region is back to any semblance of normalcy.

Initially, I'll post some stories and pictures, and then I'll post some links. If anyone would also like to contribute information on reports, pictures, and especially other helpful information such as organizations for relief efforts, PLEASE DO SO! Hopefully, through WU, some additional information for aid and other relief assistance can be communicated. This little blog may not do great things, but maybe even one small thing is worth it, if somehow it helps even some "one" in need.


HERE'S ONE WAY TO HELP NOW!


UMCOR seeks donations for Felix Relief
UMCOR's values and mission


-- T H A N K S in advance for your participation!


Blank
Army Capt. Jon-Paul Lavandeira and Air Force Tech. Sgt. Heather Prater, both engineers assigned to Joint Task Force Bravo at Soto Cano Air Base, Honduras, take aerial video from a CH-47 Chinook helicopter to document damage caused by Hurricane Felix in Nicaragua. The two service members are part of a 13-person task force deployed here for hurricane damage assessment. Photo by Tech. Sgt. Sonny Cohrs, USAF


Blank
Tens of thousands of people have been left homeless after hurricane Felix hit Nicaragua and Honduras. Photo by BBC


Blank
Hurricane Felix cut a swathe through Nicaragua's low-lying Caribbean coast, leaving dozens dead and dozens more missing.

Blank
In Nicaragua, up to 9,000 homes were destroyed and as many as 50,000 people were displaced by the hurricane.


Blank
A resident of one of the barrier islands off Puerto Cabezas searching her home, flattened by Hurricane Felix, for belongings. (Miguel Alvarez/Agence France-Presse)


Blank
Two women check the damage caused to their house by heavy rains in La Union, 181 kms (113 miles) southeast of San Salvador, Thursday, Sept. 6, 2007. (AP Photo/ La Prensa Grafica)


ADDITIONAL PICTURES and more INFO down in the "comments" area of this blog, too!




Felix Assessment Team Arrives in Nicaragua


Hurricane Survivors Recount Days at Sea

USAID gives 1.3 million to Americas region

Survivors in Nicaragua need food, water, medicine

Nicaraguan storm survivors float for days at sea


BODY SEARCH CONTINUES, more feared dead!
(from 3 hours ago).

DEATH TOLL RISES PAST 130

Over 8,000 homes destroyed in Nicaragua

Miskito Indians Vent Anger Over Felix


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------
IMPORTANT NOTICE! This blog will also address Awareness, Preparedness and Safety! These things are important NOW, not when landfall is a couple of hours away! I hope you'll see it that way, too, and click on the links below. Please take time to review them.

HyperText Transfer Protocol
CLICK ON THIS LINK...you'll be glad you did! http://www.redcross.org/beredcrossready


Hopefully, through awareness and preparedness there will be little injury and loss of life. Even the threat of a storm causes much anxiety for many. That in itself, is destructive even without a landfall! Despite all the damage that may occur to property, injury can be prevented and lives can be saved.

Get a plan, if you don't have one! Take it seriously. Develop a plan for yourself. Have a plan "B" and be ready to execute them. Talk with your neighbors. Call your friends and relatives and discuss it with them if you can. Remember the elderly, indigent and handicapped. Remind them all of safety precautions and evacuation plans. Have a destination and a second possible destination.

Exchange plans, numbers and destinations. Ask others to pass the idea around. Of course, local authorities will be the best resource for information and action plans. Listen to them and encourage others to listen as well. Visit Patrap's Blog, a great guy who believes in promoting preparedness and safety. Also, another good one is Hurricanecrab's Blog. These small efforts can have a large effect on the safety of peoples lives.

You can make a difference!

MLCgoodnight4.gif

"Awareness, Preparedness and Safety" means everything!
Your comments and suggestions are welcome. Have a good one!


MLC <----------------says, "Thanks in advance!"


PS: Don't forget to check out Tropical Lagniappe for some great links to other blogs and websites from fellow WU members! There's some great info here and I always learn something each time I visit them!

GABBY IS HERE !!!!

By: moonlightcowboy, 6:06 AM GMT on September 07, 2007


GABBY HAS BEEN DECLARED: NAVY VERIFICATION of GABRIELLE



Here's a look at the next 12-48 hour forecasts! Not that I agree with the following, but I thought it might be good to associate forecasts with the maps, so that some of us laymen could see this complex scenario and how it may play out.


Blank
12 HOUR FORECAST You can see the low trough associated with 99L and the high to its north. Another low has formed in the GOM.

Blank
24 HOUR FORECAST
You can see 99L is no longer associated with the trough and is moving west. The high is still present to the north. Notice, that 99L has moved somewhat wnw, too. Also, note that another high has formed to the west over Georgia blocking a considerable westwards movement.

Blank
36 HOUR FORECAST You can see that 99L has completely broken away and the trough has lifted out. The high to the north is still blocking 99L, but is becoming weaker and moving further east. The weak high over Georgia is lingering as 99L moves towards the weakness on the west side of the Atlantic high.

Blank
48 HOUR FORECAST You can see that the high over Georgia is trying to build back in along the eastern coast. However, 99L (TD, TS Gabby possibly) has moved more wnw closer to the OBX. The high north of 99L has moved further east and finally, 99L starts to move more northwards in a developing weakness between the two highs as the front over the CONUS pushes eastward, becoming the weakness in between the two highs and steering 99L north and east. It's forecast to continue to ride the periphery of the high moving out to sea. COULD BE A STALL at the OBX. The OBX, or New England may be looking at a possible landfall, at least a grazing one.

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
99L's latest visible seems to be actually moving a bit wnw, where there is still considerable shear upwards of 20 kts which is still blowing the tops off the rotating llc, but convection is wrapping and building. Notice the cloud tops beginning to boil near the end of the loop! It'll be a TD on Saturday. Gabby is here!

WHICH ELEMENT IS THE REAL PLAYER IN 99L's SCENARIO?

There's a card game going on the Atlantic right now. But, somebody's bluffing? Who is it?

--I don't think it's 99L - it's been a stubborn chunk of rotation, determined.

--It's not the dry air. 99L is a one card flippin' smoker in this game. It's not the dry air.

--It's not the shear, but we've all thought it was. 99L has been shucking 20-30 kts of shear for some time. Evidently, it likes a breeze...and it knows there's a lil calm where it's headed. So, shear's not a big deal.

--It's not the high to the north. It's just sitting out there pretty as can be, not really budging-fat,happy and sassy.

--It's not the front coming across the CONUS, though it's does have a game plan and WILL move north and east eventually like a big ol' bulldozer.

FROM MY NOVICE opinion, the "bluffer" in this hand is the "high" over the seCONUS. If you'll look at the sfc forecast maps, that high appears, fades, and re-appears. Look 48 hours out - that seCONUS high starts to buckle the front trying to push out to sea, keeping a strong presence over the se. It teases 99L to come inland, because it can't go north; so, therefore, it's gonna stall probably somewhere close to the OBX. Then, the front will finally come over the seCONUS high, eroding the Atl high...and 99L will finally find a way out, following the periphery of the Atl high. Gabby will dump some rain, and may have some damaging winds along the coastline there, and possibly further north along the way, before she finds her place out at sea.

So, no fence sitting(lol) and the thing could turn right and go to Tougaloo via a whirlwhind tour of the gulf coastline. But, that's not my druthers, and I think the folks along the eastern seaboard may see a storm with a little more punch than's being expected.



SPECIAL NOTE:
I'm going to spend some extra time this weekend updating the FELIX toll, too!


MLCgoodnight4.gif

"Awareness, preparedness and safety" is everything!
Your comments and suggestions are welcome. Thanks in advance! Have a good one!

MLC


PS: Don't forget to check out Tropical Lagniappe for some great links to other blogs and websites from fellow WU members! There's some great info here and I always learn something each time I visit them!

SPECIAL NOTE: SJ's site is a great learning tool! His TUTORIAL ON MODELS is awesome and very helpful. He did it himself and it only takes a minute to load, but well worth the visit!!!

He's helped me tons, as models have been one of my weaknesses (among many, lol). I've gotten a much better understanding of many of the weather variables because of SJ and some of the other very knowledgeable WU members here, too!

---and btw, newbies and ALL, SJ does this as a hobby, not for profit, etc...but, it does cost money to do what he does and I know it! He's never asked, but it'd be nice if some of you dropped him some coins! It helps! And he doesn't do it for that, he does it from a passion for helping others understand the tropics! ENJOY, I do!!!


The views of the author are his/her own and do not necessarily represent the position of The Weather Company or its parent, IBM.

moonlightcowboy's WunderBlog

About moonlightcowboy

"There is no heavier burden than a great potential." - Charles Schultz, in the Peanut's character of Linus.